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"Gazelle" Gas-2705>> Electric equipment>> Electric equipment of cars with engines ZMZ-4061, ЗМЗ-4063>> Possible malfunctions of a starter and ways of their elimination
Possible malfunctions of a starter and ways of their elimination
Cause of defect
Way of elimination
The starter does not work
Deterioration of brushes
The worn out brushes to height of 6-7 mm to replace
Unreliable contact of brushes to a collector
To check up effort щеточных springs. It should be 1000-1400 гс, if necessary replace springs, eliminate jamming of brushes in щеткодержателе
<Rating> of a winding of an anchor
With выступанием windings for a diameter магнитопровода it is necessary to replace an anchor (starter Repair>) see <
Collector <rating>
Separate plates of a collector should not support diameter of a collector. With the damaged collector it is necessary to replace an anchor (starter Repair>) see <
The traction relay does not include a starter
Подгорание contacts of the traction relay
The burnt slightly contacts to smooth out (starter Repair>) see <
Jamming of the core of the traction relay
The relay core should move by hand freely in the relay plug. The anchor surface should be equal without wear tracks. The core of the traction relay having wear tracks, it is necessary to replace and slightly to grease with engine oil
Wrong adjustment of the moment of inclusion
To adjust a starter (starter Adjustment> see <).
Drive jamming at its moving on an anchor shaft
To clear it of a dirt and deterioration products. A shaft and bearings to grease with engine oil. The worn out bearings (plugs) to replace (starter Repair>) see <
The starter joins and works, and the cranked shaft of the engine does not rotate
Proslipping муфты a drive free wheeling
At turn of a gear wheel of a drive by a hand it should rotate freely in one direction, and in other should <get jammed and rotate together with a starter anchor. If the drive gear wheel freely rotates in both parties, to replace a drive (starter Repair> see <)
The drive gear wheel does not enter into gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel. Abnormal noise <milling> is listened. On flywheel teeths there is a deterioration заходной parts
To check up adjustment of the moment of inclusion of a starter and if necessary to adjust (starter Adjustment>) see <
The starter rotates a cranked shaft of the engine with small frequency and with the raised noise
Deterioration of bearings (plugs of a shaft of an anchor)
If necessary to replace bearings in covers and an intermediate support (starter Repair> see <)
After start of the engine the starter drive does not leave gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel of the engine
Drive jamming on a shaft of an anchor of a starter
To clear a shaft of an anchor of a starter of a dirt, to remove a yellow touch from deterioration of bearings, to grease with engine oil
Sintering of contacts of the traction relay
Immediately to disconnect the storage battery
The starter continues to work after ignition deenergizing
To make starter repair (starter Repair> see <)
Jamming of a key of the switch of ignition
Compulsorily to turn a key in position <0>, to adjust the position of a steering column excluding jamming of a key of the switch of ignition