ГАЗ-2705, ГАЗ-2705 "Kombi"
+ 1. Car nameplate data
2. Specifications and characteristics of cars
3. Controls and devices
+ 4. The engine
+ 5. Transmission
+ 6. A running gear
+ 7. A steering
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. An electric equipment
- 10. A car body
Features of maintenance service of a body
+ Body replacement
+ Heating and body ventilation
+ 11. Car maintenance service
"Gazelle" Gas-2705>> a car Body
The body of motor van ГАЗ-2705 all-metal, three-local, is equipped by a heater, a washer and a screen wiper of a wind window, противосолнечными peaks, a plafond of internal illumination, a hand-rail, pockets in the doorway for the first-aid set and documents, a guard of devices with necessary quantity of devices and signalling devices, seats, seat belts both other devices and adaptations.
The cabin partition (fig. 10.1) — metal, continuous, has a window (it is established by request) with сдвижным glass. The partition fastens to body racks self-cut screws, the partition shelf fastens to рейкам roofs bolts.
The cabin thermonoise isolation consists of the formed multilayered details of isolation of a guard передка, rugs of a floor and пенополиуретановых the details pasted on formed upholsteries of a roof and a partition of a cabin.
The closed surfaces боковин and the body bases are processed вибропоглощающей by mastic БПМ-1 for decrease in noise and protection against corrosion. Anticorrosive processing consists in фосфатировании and the subsequent priming of a body. After a first coat and mastic drawing external and internal surfaces become covered by two layers of enamel МЛ-12 or МЛ-1110.
Tightness of a body is provided with application of rubber sealants of doors, hatches, glasses of doors, elements of an electric equipment, levers, drives of engine management and chassis units. Glass of a wind window is pasted to an aperture by glue "Terostat-8590".
The body consists from in advance подсобранных knots: the bases, right and left боковин, передка, roofs, a back. At assemblage-welding they form the power skeleton based on box-shaped sections. Apertures of forward doors are executed in цельноштампованных боковинах. Apertures of lateral and back doors compound, are formed at body welding in conductors.
Part of details of plumage — demountable. The top panel of facing of a radiator with the lock of a cowl and wings fasten to a body bolts. The cowl is established on the rotary loops fixed on a guard передка by bolts.
The body fastens to a frame (fig. 10.2) in ten points through rubber pillows and linings (six points of elastic fastening: two frames on forward longerons in подкапотном space; two bodies under a cabin; two in a back part of salon; and four points of semifixed fastening: in salon, around back надколесных niches). Elements of fastening of a body in salon are closed заглушками.
Forward doors of a cabin consist of the external and internal panel, the hinged amplifier which is carrying out a role of a protective bar from lateral blow, and a connector. On the internal panel of a door are fixed стеклоподъемник, the lock, a drive of opening of the lock, closed by the formed upholstery. On a door are mounted motionless and опускное glasses. The lateral door and back doors consist of external and internal panels and amplifiers. Locks and their drives are in the doorway mounted. Consolidation of doorways is carried out by rubber sealants of the closed section.
The formed upholstery of a partition of the cabin, consisting from top and two lateral upholsteries, and a roof upholstery are covered outside by a nonwoven material of type «малифлис». Other upholsteries, the panel of devices and floorings of footboards from polypropylene. Fastening of upholsteries is made by means of plastic percussion caps or self-cut screws and фланцевых nuts.
In a cabin seats are established: single for the driver and double for passengers. The seat of the driver has the adjustment mechanism on a pillow angle of slope, an angle of slope of a back and longitudinal moving. The seat of passengers of adjustments has no. All seats are equipped by seat belts; extreme places — humeral three-dot with inertial coils, internal (central) — zone point-to-point.
Belts with inertial coils do not require adjustment, individual adjustment of its length is necessary for zone belts — the zone strap should adjoin to hips densely. Change of length of a strap is carried out by a regulator.
At pollution of straps they are necessary for clearing a soap solution. To iron straps an iron it is forbidden.
Belts are subject to obligatory replacement new if they have undergone to critical loading in road and transport incident or have attritions, ruptures or other damages.
The podkapotnoe space is formed by power details передка, casings of headlights, racks of a radiator and cabin longerons. They are connected among themselves by spot welding and form rigid spatial power system. Inside подкапотного spaces on body details are fixed the accumulator, details and knots of an electric equipment, system of cooling of the engine, a drive of a brake, coupling and an accelerator, a screen wiper etc. On radiator racks through elastic elements the radiator of system of cooling of the engine is established. Radiator racks, for giving of rigidity to the power scheme of plumage, by means of bolts are connected by the demountable top panel of facing of a radiator. From above подкапотное the space is closed by a cowl consisting of internal and external panels. A corner of opening of a cowl to 74 °.
The body of motor van ГАЗ-2705 of "Kombi" unlike body ГАЗ-2705 is equipped:
- Back row of passenger seats;
- The additional heater of a cabin located behind a seat of passengers of a forward number;
- The ventiljatsionno-light hatch of a roof over a back row of seats;
- Flat partition between a cabin and cargo salon (behind a back row of seats);
- Original upholsteries of a roof, боковин, doors;
- Original rugs and floor flooring;
- Additional window in left боковине and a window in a lateral door with motionless glasses.
Seats and seat belts of a forward number are similar specified for motor van ГАЗ-2705. The Back row of seats consists of two double seats. Extreme seats are equipped by humeral three-dot seat belts with inertial coils, internal seats — zone point-to-point.
Landing of passengers to a back row of seats is carried out through lateral (сдвижную) a door.
The cabin partition (fig. 10.3) — metal, continuous, consists of panels, racks of a partition 2 and 3, amplifiers 4, 5 and 6.
The original formed upholsteries of a roof of a cabin on a design are similar specified for car GAZ-2705. Upholsteries боковин, a lateral door and a partition flat — from ДВП, fitted винилискожей.
The flooring of a floor of a back part of a cabin is executed from the laminated plywood, fixed on a skeleton from metal beams and covered by a carpet from linoleum (автолина).
The polipropilenovyj flooring of a footboard is supplied by the disconnected fixture of illumination.
The body of buses is structurally similar to a body of a motor van with a three-local cabin and has difference in a design of a flooring of a floor of salon (depending on quantity of seats and a lay-out), and also a design partitions (low).
By general purpose buses on 12 (13) places the partition is not established.
Buses are completed with two types of belts: three-dot with inertial coils — at the driver, passengers of single and extreme places of seats and point-to-point zone — at passengers of average places of seats and the seats turned back (a compartment arrangement). Adjustment of belts is carried out according to specified for car GAZ-2705. By buses on 6 (7)-8 (9) places zone belts with the automatic coil of taking - up the straps which are not demanding manual adjustment of its length can be established.
For maintenance of a normal microclimate the additional heater established on a floor behind a passenger seat of a cabin or in a forward part of passenger salon is entered into heating system. On a roof the ventiljatsionno-light hatch is established.
On a part of buses (except buses on 12/13 places) in passenger salon the little table 3 (fig. 10.4) is established. The little table and elements of its fastening can be enclosed to the bus for installation by the consumer.
In salon of buses on 8 (9) places possibility of shift of seats 1 and 2 compartment arrangements and their seat belts in positions And and is provided Century
- To remove a little table 3, having turned away bolts of its fastening to a board of salon and screws of fastening of a rack of a little table to a floor, a floor aperture to close applied заглушкой and to fix its screws of fastening of a rack;
- To turn away bolts of fastening of supports of seats 1 and 2 to a body floor (for access to the specified bolts it is necessary to remove decorative plastic заглушки support of racks of supports, preliminary having shifted them in a horizontal direction), to turn away bolts of fastening of a support of a seat 1 to an arm of a board of salon;
- To remove zone seat belts of seats;
- To turn away bolts of fastening of seats to supports and to disconnect seats from supports;
- Seat 2 to fix on a support of a seat 1, and a seat 1 to fix on a support of a seat 2,
- To remove заглушки new points of fastening of supports of seats on a floor and a salon board;
- To remove an arm of fastening of a support of a seat onboard salon and to establish it on new points of fastening;
- To remove the decorative overlay closing a rack of a seat belt, and to establish the coil, top directing and the bottom ear of a three-dot seat belt (it is put in the complete set) in corresponding places of a board of salon — by analogy to installation of elements of a seat belt of a seat 5. At installation of the coil of a seat belt it is necessary to be convinced that the rack thorn has entered in фиксационное a coil aperture, and at installation top directing a belt, to be convinced that a belt tape is easily unwound from the coil;
- To establish a seat 2 with a support in position In, to fix a support bolts to a board and semisalon arm; to establish and fix the seat belt lock (the red button outside) on the right side of a back part of a support of a seat;
- To establish elements of a zone belt on a support of a seat 1 that the belt lock settled down on the right side in a back part of a seat, and to establish a seat 1 in position A, having fixed bolts its support to a salon floor;
- To establish заглушки and decorative overlays on corresponding places.
The moment of an inhaling of bolts of fastening of elements of seat belts, bolts of fastening of supports of seats and arm of a board of salon should be within 25—30 Н·м (2,5—3,0 кгс·м).
Except the specified shift of seats 1 and 2 in bus salon possibility of replacement by places of a back row of seats with seats 4 and 5 (in this case access of passengers to back seats is carried out through back doors of the bus) is provided.